J.C. Dahl and the Landscape of Romanticism
The Danish Golden Age 1800-50
Danish art was strongly influenced by Eckersberg’s soberness and lucidity. There was, however, a counter-movement that saw several artists working with a far more Romantic vein of landscapes, strongly inspired by the Norwegian painter Johan Christian Dahl.
Dahl was educated in Copenhagen in 1811-18, and even though he subsequently settled in Dresden he maintained a close relationship with Danish art.
During his time studying in Italy 1820-21 he began to paint studies out in the open air, a practice which had considerable impact on his own art – and on the younger generation of Scandinavian and German painters. He proved very influential on several young Danish painters and provided them with a link to the German landscape painters of the time, several of whom studied in Copenhagen around 1830.
Atmospheric nocturnes and winter landscapes
Dahl’s subjects range from careful studies of nature to atmospheric nocturnes and winter landscapes to dramatic scenes of ships lost at sea.