Time and Image
Around 1908 Picasso and a fellow artist Georges Braque (1882-1963) introduced a new school of art, Cubism, which represents a given object viewed from several angles all at once.
Dissolution of the rules of perspective
Cubism was soon linked to the ideas of philosopher Henri Bergson. Bergson (1859-1941) believed that humanity's existence is primarily rooted in duration, i.e. time and consciousness, and argued that the concept of space as something which can be conclusively measured as false notion. Contemporaries saw this position reflected in Cubism's dissolution of a familiar space governed by the rules of perspective.
Prior to his Cubist years Picasso worked with subjects such as genre pieces depicting performers and the poor. A recurring feature of these works is the lack of an overall narrative in the individual scenes. This absence is regarded as an unresolved time-related aspect of the images.
From Cubism to Classicism
Following World War I Picasso abandoned Cubist experimentation with the medium of painting, opting instead to work for a while within a style familiar from art history: Classicism. He himself stated that in so doing he denounced Avant-gardism, i.e. the the notion that the history of art undergoes an ongoing development which renders older art irrelevant because the breaking of new ground equals progress. Picasso highlighted that the artistic modes of expression of different periods are always equally valid and of equal value.
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